The impact of Dutch elm disease led to large-scale replanting after 1945.[72]. v�1FO�x�u�j��Q��@ a���~B�xL�I�K�,^��tlD�oY�A�lh�Co���x=��۹��v�m��Q �s��&��f��tV��C��i�u��^;/!Z��x����~��B� w�2j �n��i3�,�/�7�����/4�����j��?����}��n n�{d$��z� 2n=�~�]\�������j�� y� �a‰ٮ����y�yqʑ,�?ePx��?ה����lg#�2y���{EPV��kB�f��6����G�M�����k�N�5�|������dSS-�N [91] Henry repaired the Great Hall that lay along the north side of the Lower Ward, and enlarged it with a new kitchen and built a covered walkway between the Hall and the kitchen. Tite, p. 110; Robinson, p. 60; Bickham; Pote. [216] Edward created a small aerodrome at the castle on Smith's Lawn, now used as a golf-course. [226] Work was also undertaken to underpin the motte of the Round Tower after fresh subsidence was detected in 1988, threatening the collapse of the tower. (1858), This page was last edited on 11 January 2021, at 07:21. [133] Water was piped into the Upper Ward to create a fountain. [204] Windsor Castle did not benefit from many of the minor improvements of the era, however, as Victoria disliked gaslight, preferring candles; electric lighting was only installed in limited parts of the castle at the end of her reign. [242] In terms of population, Windsor Castle is the largest inhabited castle in the world and the longest-occupied palace in Europe, but it also remains a functioning royal home. [168] George disliked Hampton Court, and was attracted by the park at Windsor Castle. [107] Under Henry V, the castle hosted a visit from the Holy Roman Emperor in 1417, a massive diplomatic event that stretched the accommodation of the castle to its limits. Few of the present buildings pre-date the 16th century. [183], George IV came to the throne in 1820 intending to create a set of royal palaces that reflected his wealth and influence as the ruler of an increasingly powerful Britain. [109] Henry VI, born at Windsor Castle and known as Henry of Windsor, became king at the young age of nine months. The motte is 50 feet (15 m) high and is made from chalk originally excavated from the surrounding ditch. [26] Many of the rooms on the eastern end of the castle had to be restored following the 1992 fire, using "equivalent restoration" methods – the rooms were restored so as to appear similar to their original appearance, but using modern materials and concealing modern structural improvements. [80], Windsor was not initially used as a royal residence. Each recipe has been tried and tested many times. [143] Many of these occasions involved extensive drinking sessions, including one with Christian IV of Denmark in 1606 that became infamous across Europe for the resulting drunken behaviour of the two kings. [47] The Great Kitchen, with its newly exposed 14th-century roof lantern sitting alongside Wyatville's fireplaces, chimneys and Gothic tables, is also a product of the reconstruction after the fire. [254] During the COVID-19 pandemic, the Queen isolated at Windsor for several months during 2020, as well as celebrating Christmas there for the first time since 1987. For other uses, see, Official country residence of the British monarch, Changing style of St George's Hall since the 1600s, Key: ǂ = demolished ¤ = now ruins § = partly demolished. [40] The staircase has been criticised by historian John Robinson as being a distinctly inferior design to the earlier staircases built on the same site by both Wyatt and May. [220] The king and queen drove daily to London, returning to Windsor to sleep, although at the time this was a well-kept secret, as for propaganda and morale purposes it was reported that the king was still residing full-time at Buckingham Palace. The present garden was updated by Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, after it was used for victory garden production during World War II, tended in part by Princesses Elizabeth and Margaret. [158] At Windsor, Charles created "the most extravagantly Baroque interiors ever executed in England". [105] William of Wykeham went on to build New College, Oxford and Winchester College, where the influence of Windsor Castle can easily be seen.[93]. [54] The Norman Gatehouse was turned into a private dwelling for Sir Henry Ponsonby. The Medieval Castle in England and Wales: a social and political history. Position on top of steep ground has meant that the style avoids `` florid decoration '', an. 100 others create a fountain, this article is about the castle to enable easier access to the design the! 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